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Grub 2

Change target environment at boot time for a single session

  1. When the GRUB menu appears, press the Esc key to stop the boot countdown.
  2. Highlight the desired menu entry with the arrow keys and press the e key to edit it.
  3. Use the arrow keys to move to the line beginning with linux and move to the end with arrows or the end key.
  4. Add <space>systemd.unit=<> at the end of the line.
  5. Press Crtl+x to resume the boot process.

Update Grub2 from live media


From the live session mount OS partition on /mnt.

sudo mount /dev/sdXY /mnt # replace XY with drive letter and partition number.

Mount other required dirs.

sudo mount --bind /dev /mnt/dev
sudo mount --bind /sys /mnt/sys
sudo mount --bind /proc /mnt/proc

If there is a separate boot partition mount it as well.

sudo mount /dev/sdXY /mnt/boot

Chroot to start using the mounted directory as the root partition.

sudo chroot /mnt

Check if grub.cfg and .mod files are present in /boot/grub or /boot/grub2. If not the correct boot partition was not mounted. After verifying that update grub configuration using the appropriate command for the distribution.

update-grub # Debian based systems
grub-mkconfig -o /boot/grub/grub.cfg # Fedora based systems

exit # leave chroot

/mnt/boot/grub/grub.cfg should now contain entries for the current systems and kernels installed on the drive. Unmount the filesystems (if using systemd this is done automatically when reboot is executed).

sudo umount /mnt/dev
sudo umount /mnt/sys
sudo umount /mnt/proc
sudo umount /mnt/boot # if mounted earlier
sudo umount /mnt/

And then reboot.

Using SuperGrub2 rescue disk